7 Essential Basics For Home Defense
Below are 7 things that you should know in case you ever run into a real home invasion scenario. Now most of this stuff is applicable in other circumstances, but to keep it simple I’m going to mostly focused on home defense.
Let’s get to it.
1.How to Hold a Pistol
I want to cover the basics on how to hold a pistol.
Before we go any further, it’s important that we establish a firm grip for firing, plant our feet firmly on the ground, and assume the right body posture in order to shoot properly.
Especially if we have our children and wife grabbing on to us, a stable base is important to prevent being off balance.
In order for me to get a good firm footing, I need to spread my feet a little apart, move my “firing leg” half step back, and then bend my knees.
After, I tightly grip the gun right outside its edge using my “firing hand.”
Next, I’m going to place the palm of my non-firing hand just right on top of the space where my firing hand is at.
Then using the same hand, I firmly wrap my fingers around my firing hand and underneath the trigger guard.
I’ll place the thumb of my non-firing hand down. Now, both of my hands are clamped and shelling the pistol.
Now, I’m going to raise the pistol to my target, lock my elbows and drop my chin in between my elbows as much as possible. I’m going to gain a front and rear sight picture while focusing on the front sight. Placing my finger on the trigger, I’ll slowly pull it to the rear.
And that’s how we get a firm firing grip and assume a basic firing stance.
2.Compensating for Over Penetration
So, what if a bad guy was standing between us and our child who’s sleeping in her room, how do we take care of this individual? How do we neutralize that target?
If we press out and pull the trigger, the bullet’s trajectory might not only go through the bad guy, but it might also go through the drywall of our child’s room and potentially kill him or her.
One of the ways that we can take of that angle and trajectory problem is to simply move, from left to right, or vice versa.
For instance, if we were pressed out and at the left side, we want to move side to side while keeping the weapon pointed at him. The trajectory angle of the bullet in this instance is at the right.
So, when we cracked out that round, not only does it take care of him, but it also does not over penetrate the area where we don’t want it to go.
And that area doesn’t necessarily have to be the room of our child. It could be two rooms, a closet, and then a bedroom.
Firearms today have ballistics that will penetrate two or three rooms.
We have to keep in mind that when we have a firearm, we can’t just move, shake, shoot, drop, and pull it. It doesn’t work that way. We see that in the movies, and it doesn’t work.
We have to gain the right angle. The only way that we’re going to gain the right angle is to practice it. We have to move inside our house. We have to know that we have a couch corner here; because if we were to move up, we could hit the couch.
If the bad guy moves (and he will) and crosses over, we may need to drop on one knee to gain the right angle.
By dropping the non-firing knee, we can support the firing hand knee and could bend more over.
Now, you see I’m pressed out with one hand. How many times have you practiced this shot? How about the turn over, how many times have you practiced that shot?
Two hands and turn over.
I can’t get the angle, so I have to let the one hand go.
It doesn’t matter if you’re a left-handed shooter.
Just drop your non-firing hand knee, roll it over, get a better angle, and back up.
Wherever you point your muzzle, if you’re actively engaging, that’s exactly where you need to fix your eyes.
As I press out, I can see the front side of my target. I can also see what’s beyond it.
If I move my head, I can’t see any more where my muzzle is pointing at.
Get in the habit of making your gun’s barrel go where your eyes are looking. I don’t want to take the muzzle or barrel of my gun stray away from the object I’m looking at.
So, wherever your eyes go, so is where your gun should be pointed at.
Back to you.
4.Canting Pistol 45 Degrees
Another position that you can hold your weapon while moving through your house is taking the gun and moving it off to your right hip—that’s for right-handed shooters.
You need to cant the gun 45 degrees because a semi-automatic has a slide that will slide back when you fire the trigger.
Should you be wearing a bulky shirt, sweater, or a jacket, that slide could momentarily hung-up and knock chamber fully the next round.
So, instead of hanging it up to my body, I have the butt of my pistol where the magazine sits, into my hip.
I keep the gun slanted by 45 degrees. I have my shoulder and elbow tucked tightly.
And now, I have this hand free.
Your eyes and belt buckle need to move as one; because the direction of your pistol is where your eyes and hip need to turn.
This position could be used when the threat is in close proximity to you, where you might take a strike, where he might try to hit you, or where he might come in close.
You could protect your gun and operate it without letting him see it to prevent him from knocking it down. Keep the gun by keeping your elbow and shoulder tight and cant 45 degrees.
You can use your free hand to block a strike, to push away, and to gain distance.
And should you closely encounter him, and you’re able to push and gain distance, then you can go into your high ready stance and deliver the rounds necessary
gain distance, keep backing out,
press out, high ready stance, all in your sights, and then finally pull the trigger to the rear.
5.Getting a Sight Picture
I want to dispel a myth. I want to go ahead and just clarify this right now…
When a time is life’s situation hits, when that instinct takes over, when that autonomic nervous system kicks in and that surge of adrenaline hits you.
When a certain life situation hits you, when your instinct starts to take over, your autonomic nervous system causes adrenaline rush, you will NOT close one eye,
look through the rear of the sight, pick up the front sight, slowly pull the trigger towards the rear to wait for the reset, letting the trigger out at the reset, and then pulling it back again.
This won’t happen. This is what will happen.
You will press out instinctively.
You will get that front sight in front of both eyes, which are kept open, and you will pull the trigger.
And that bullet will go where both eyes are looking at.
It is almost impossible to close one eye when you are so jacked up on adrenaline—your heart is racing a mile a minute and your hands and feet are trembling. You will not be able to do it.
You will press out and pull the trigger immediately.
Both eyes will be as wide as they could possibly get.
Your nostrils will be flared out, sucking as much oxygen as they can.
Your mouth will be gaping, sucking every ounce of oxygen in your immediate atmosphere into your body. Your lungs will never felt so full of oxygen, and you will pull the trigger.
And you will continue to pull the trigger until that threat is gone. So, when you go to a static range, and you’re in your stall and loading your magazines, put it in your gun, load your gun, run that target out, take a deep breath, and gain that sight picture.
That is only gun handling training that you’re doing. It is NOT gun fighting.
6.How to Pie a Corner
This is pieing a corner. There is a way to take a corner without exposing yourself any more than you have to. For this demonstration, the corner that I will be pieing is on my right side.
I am a right-handed shooter. But because I’m using a right-handed corner, I need to change my grip.
So, as I’ve earlier demonstrated about the firm firing grip, the void is filled by the palm of the non-shooting hand. I’m just going to reverse that grip.
I’m now going to move my hand over to my left hand, which is my firing hand. (I still have the same void.) I’ll take the palm of my non-shooting hand and fill that void, wrap my fingers around, and keep my thumbs down.
Can you see my fingers outside the trigger?
And that’s how you hold a gun.
So, let’s pie this corner.
I want to get as much standoff from this corner as possible. A lot of guys like to get up from the corner, stick their gun out like this,
and expose your left chest, which holds your lung,
a portion of your heart,
your left shoulder,
hand, gun, and leg—all of these can be shot.
So, back off from the corner and step to the side where you cannot visually see your target.
Get that firm firing grip—use two hands, press forward, assume your stance, gun, hand, leg, forward, drop your base.
Lock your elbows out, and tuck your chin into your arms. Now, do a small side step while exposing only as little gun as possible.
Do not stick out your elbow, shoulder, hip, or leg.
You need to lean over a little and take a slight step. I see my target at the moment.
If I need to move the right leg to brace myself, I can. Now, I can get a firm firing grip, good sight picture, and slowly pull the trigger to the rear. I can also come back in, if I did not shoot.
Come back in.
Move back out. Come back in. Move back out.
I have some concealment because of this wall. And again, it’s not a cover; but it is a kind of concealment.
Now, should I press out?
I’ve got a good angle.
I see him, but I did not shoot for some reason—I need to change angles.
I can drop my knee at the gun side, use the right leg, get some base, lean out while rotating the gun over, and fire.
Lean back in, rotate the gun back up,
stand back up, slowly lean out, gain sight picture, and pull the trigger.
In this way, you only expose a minimal amount of your body. What is exposed is the barrel of your gun. Your eye can pick up what your gun is pointing at. You’re not exposing any parts of your body more than you need to, and you can make a clean shot.
That’s pieing a corner.
7.Cover and Concealment
Cover and concealment. Cover is anything that would stop a bullet. Concealment is something that would keep you from being seen, but won’t stop a bullet.
In a residential house just like this one, you’re going to have walls that have sheetrock, insulation, and then on the interior side you’ll have sheetrock again. This wall will not stop a bullet.
Now, there are certain areas that you could gain a small amount of cover. And by small, I mean very small. But it maybe just enough for you to transition to another area, and that would be the door frames.
The door frames typically have studs that are two studs combined together. And they go over the door frame with the nice header.
These 2 studs combined will provide a small amount of resistance for that bullet. But understand that 2 2x4s is only going to cover about the size of your heart. So you leave the left and the right side of your chest, lungs, exposed.
So understand, should you get behind a wall, you still can be shot. You can still stop an intruder from attacking you by shooting through the walls.
The doors inside of a residence typically are hollow. As you can see here, very hollow, and a bullet can go right through this. So just by merely closing the door, you don’t stop a bullet. You do conceal yourself, if he doesn’t know you’re there.
And then it’s just hide and seek. But you’re not going to stop his bullet.
But just as this door won’t stop his bullet, it won’t stop yours either. So if you close this door and you hear him banging, “I’m coming in there. You better open up! I’m coming! I’m coming!”
Well, you do have an opportunity to neutralize that threat, by pointing your weapon and firing. When you fire, you want to fire from the door handle, to center mass, and up. Start from the door handle and work your way up.
You can see on this door handle, this door handle is set at just at my hips. Should you start your shot here, work your way up. You’re now hitting vital organs. You will incapacitate him, should you shoot him in the hips. But you can continue to shoot up. So use that as a point of reference.
Door handle, middle of the door, and up.
Remember the difference between cover and concealment. It could save your life.